The Brazilian law was taken from the French, Italian, German, and Portuguese civil law. The written law, the constitution, has been in place since 1988, and it distinguishes Brazil as a federal republic consisting of states and municipalities’ permanent unions and federal districts. The federal states have the mandate to use their own laws and constitutions. Their self-governance is limited by some elements included in the federal government constitution. Municipalities follow the laws of their specific states and are also guided by the federal constitution. Federal districts adopt both the law of the federal states and that of the municipalities. Their constitution is known as the organic law, and it follows that of the federal government.
The Three Arms
According to the constitution, the union has three arms namely the Executive, the Judiciary, and the Legislative. The citizen-elected President of the Republic heads the Executive. He also acts as the Head of Government and Chief of State. The legislative is characterized by officials elected by the citizens and comprises of the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate houses. The judiciaries include the courts of law from the Federal Supreme Courts to regional Federal Courts and judges. They are designed to tackle disputes arising from labor, military, and electoral issues.
About Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho
Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is a proud alumnus of Mackenzie Presbyterian University where he studied law to the Bachelor’s degree level. He furthered his studies at Armando Alvares Penteado Foundation, taking a course in Business Administration. Currently, Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho runs the renowned Tosto and Barros Advocates as the main partner serving the Leite Office.Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is very well known Brazilian lawyer identified for his bravery and continued efforts in the Brazilian Law sector. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has defended different people and industries from all walks of life, prompting him to gain national recognition. He has also fiercely defended the government, large multinational businesses, Non-governmental foundations, and prominent politicians. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has largely contributed to the formation of the Brazilian Law, which has been of great help to the citizens of Brazil.
Comparative Law is a broad field of law that focuses on the similarities and differences between the rulings of different states. More specifically, it lends a perspective on the various legal principles applied worldwide. Whether it is common or Islamic law, the legal field of study provides an in-depth understanding and application of such regulations.
Comparative legal studies are basically into two broad categories: micro-level and macro-level comparisons. The latter entails the general comparison between two or more principles of law practiced in various States. For instance, it can shed light on the US and UK legal system. On the other hand, micro-level focuses on analyzing the differences between distinct sections of legal practices in several countries. For instance, it can lend perspective on contract preparation differences between the UK and the US. By doing so, you would be comparing the legislation on a micro-level.
Whatever your area of interest may be, comparative law dwells on the following guidelines:
- The investigation of the fundamental relationship between legal systems
- The comparison between foreign and local legislation
- The analysis of various solutions applicable to several legal challenges
- The examination of the legislative evolution since time immemorial
Comparison between English and German Law
In the U.K, governing rules and regulations are based on a common law system in which cases are judged based on past precedents. For instance, a case relating to the illegal migration of a suspect will be built on the verdict applied to a similar previous case. However, the judgment should rely solely on the relevance of the act to the previous case. On the other hand, the Germans are ruled by a code law country. Such a decree entails the application of contingencies and rules enshrined within the civil code. While in court, judges prosecute criminals on reference to commentaries set in the past. However, such annotations act as guidance on the most suitable course of action to take.
Sujit Choudhry’s Profile
Sujit Choudhry is a prominent personality in the field of constitutional law. His in-depth knowledge and extensive experience have earned him widespread recognition and immense admiration from his peers. As an accomplished legal expert, Mr. Choudhry has offered his advisory services to the constitution building processes in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and South Africa. His valuable research expounds on the value of the constitution as a tool to transforming war-torn countries into peaceful democratic States.
Sujit has also spent adequate time writing numerous reports and papers over the course of his career. His most notable collections include Constitutional Design for Divided Societies (2008), and The Migration of Constitutional Ideas (Cambridge, 2006).
When it comes to comparative constitutional law Sujit Choudhry holds an appealing position. Apart from being experienced he also undertook studies in law at the Harvard law school. Besides, Sujit has also been at the University of Toronto, New York University school of law and also at the supreme court of Canada. As a result, he has been molded and refined in matters regarding the law. This has led him to write books relating to the subject, most of which are available for purchase on Amazon. He is one of the best-selling authors especially when it comes to constitution making and related material.
In his position, Mr. Sujit plays a central role in peaceful democratic politics. As such, he discourages violence and politics that may bring about political divides among societies. The entire globe benefits from his published articles, working papers, book chapters and reports. He is also recognized as the Founding Director of the world’s first university-grounded center generating and mobilizing knowledge regarding to support of constitution building.
Additionally, this icon is also a United Nations Mediation Roster member and has held a consultancy position at the World Bank Institute at the World Bank. In Tunisia, Egypt, Sri Lanka, Libya, Nepal and Jordan, he has worked as an expert in constitutional matters during their constitutional transitions. He was as well among the Board Members at the time the Governing Toronto Advisory Panel proposed main modifications to the Toronto’s municipal government structure.
An Overview of Some of the Publications Surrounding Comparative Law
In a publication by Sujit titled ‘Combating Corruption,’ he addresses viable mechanisms to help mitigate corruption. Although the read has a specific reference to the Arabs transitional states, there is a leaf to borrow from the same especially regarding the comprehensive anti-corruption frameworks offered. His other copy about Decentralization in Unitary States basically focuses on the how decentralization can be effected in the unitary states to improve human life and boost the security of abandoned communities. He has a close touch to the governments and politics in nearly all his publications.
Mr. Sujit is an avid author and advocates for peace and justice to the neglected communities. Those in Sri Lanka are privileged to readily access his pieces often published on the dailies. You will also realize that he preaches a lot on transformation in constitutions that may feel wanting. His profound knowledge has earned him positions across the world where he has made great impact.
The SEC is a commission that relies on the help of people who want to tell on the problems that are going on in the community and in the way that things work for the business of the SEC. For that reason, they created the whistleblower program. It rewards and protects people who wish to bring information forward about their superiors and about things that go on in the SEC on daily basis. They do this so that people are comfortable with it and so that they can get the information that they need from them.
The attorneys at Labaton Sucharow recognize that this is a great program that the SEC has put together. They want people to know that they are doing the right thing and that they are getting the most out of their experiences with the SEC. They also want people to continue making sure that they are protected. Because of this, they recommend that everyone who comes forward with information about the SEC do so with the help of an attorney who knows what they are doing and who can help them get the biggest reward possible for the information that they have.
Because there is a lot of corruption in the SEC, the whistleblower program is actually beneficial to other employees of the program. Often, the people who are participating in corruption are superiors and they bribe or threaten the employees that they have with retaliation or with money that they have stolen from the commission. This means that many people don’t want to come forward because they don’t want to lose their job or the money that they are being handed as an extra bonus. That is where the SEC whistleblower program comes into play and helps the people out.
The program promises that anyone who has information about anything that is going on with the program will be rewarded for telling the information to the SEC. They want people to know that they will get a monetary reward and that they will be able to tell anything that they think is wrong about the program to officials. They also guarantee that the person will not be punished for doing so and that they will not be at risk for losing their job no matter what their direct supervisor has told them since they are the ones who are participating in the illegal activities.
The Brazilian law can be traced back to the colonial period when it was under the control of Portuguese rulers. The legal systems operate on the basis of codes enacted by the federal government, the legislature and the municipality. The country has a well-defined court system consisting of different levels of courts. At the highest level is the supreme court followed by regional federal tribunals and municipal courts. These courts have different jurisdiction of power articulately stated in the constitution.
The Brazilian laws trickle down to the common citizen through channels controlled by lawyers who are well-trained. This special group of people comprehend the intricate elements associated with the law and manipulate them into a digestible parts for the layman. One of the brilliant lawyers that have traversed the Brazil’s law landscape is Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho.
He is not only a lawyer, but he is also a respected leader and strategist in the Brazilian legal system. His good track record cannot be ignored by people who are looking for good lawyers in Brazil. He has defended thousands of people and hundreds of corporate organizations. His court success rate is remarkable, both domestically and internationally.
Ricardo started his career as a meek lawyer who had nothing to offer but beg for cases and even go pro-bono to gain experience and favor. Through determination and vision, he managed to build a name for himself as a lawyer specialized in corporate litigation. He also started his law firm, which soon became one of the most dominant in Brazil.
Ricardo is a statesman, who takes his time to look at the political atmosphere and economic factors that affect his country on a daily basis. He is one of the pioneers who championed for the adoption of highly effective legal mechanisms that were designed to make legal practice simpler in Brazil. He is a mentor to many and an embodiment of professionalism. Many have interned in his firm including his current partners. At the highest level of management, Ricardo has an obligation of ensuring everything runs smoothly. He offers advice, innovative strategies and solutions in his firm.
Many changes have come about since the economic meltdown of 2008 changed the way Americans view our financial system. One of the most significant pieces of legislation to come from that was the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. One important aspect of this sweeping reform act is the whistleblower program. This program builds in employment protections and financial incentives for employees who report possible federal security law violations to the Security and Exchange Commission (SEC).
The significance of the whistleblower act cannot be understated. It has opened the door for findings of wrong doing by offering protection for those who speak up. In response to the passage of this act, Labaton Sucharow became the first law firm to focus its work solely on the protection of those who would come forward as whistleblowers. The team at this firm is made up of world-class legal experts in the fields of investigation, financial analysis and forensic accounting. Everyone on this team has federal and state law enforcement experience, which means they bring top level expertise to the whistleblower clients they represent.
Jordan A. Thomas is the head of the whistleblower practice at Labaton Sucharow. Thomas’s experience includes his time as the former Assistant Director and Assistant Chief Litigation Counsel in the SEC’s Division of Enforcement. He acted as one of the leaders in the Whistleblower Program’s development, and created the proposed legislation that became the whistleblower act.
Under the rules of the whistleblower program, the SEC must pay a whistleblower 10 to 30% of the money collected in a successful SEC enforcement action, if the amount exceeds $1 million. It’s also important to note that whistleblowers are allowed to report securities violations to the SEC Anonymously if they are represented by an attorney. The rules of the Dodd-Frank Act prohibit any retaliation against a whistleblower by an employer.
Anyone who wishes to learn more about the whistleblower program or to request an evaluation of a case should contact the office of Labaton Sucharow. Our team of experts is ready to offer a consultation and case evaluation, today.
Learn more about SEC Whistleblower lawyers
Most people are aware of the overwhelming number of animals occupying space within animal shelters across the country. However, many don’t realize there are just as many homeless animals who lack even the basic comfort of a shelter. These animals rely on their own instinct and skill, fighting for their food, their space to sleep, and their very survival. The sad truth is that there is no sustainable way for the country to offer care for all of these animals, but there are people who try.
Ross Abelow is one of those people.
A lawyer in New York City, Ross Abelow is already a community oriented individual, and now he is reaching out on the behalf of the residents without a voice. Abelow has announced the launch of a Go Fund Me campaign in order to raise money for homeless animal support. Even for people who don’t live in New York City, or the state of New York, this is a great opportunity for animal lovers across the nation. The goal is to raise $5000 to fund shelters. As New York City is one of the most densely populated cities worldwide, it is little surprise that there is a high density of animals as well. With so many dogs, cats, and more to care for, shelters lack the space to care for the growing number of animals in need. They lack blankets , food, vaccines, and vital medical equipment for the pets living in the shelter, much less those on the streets. Funds raised by this campaign will be used to relieve the suffering of the innocent, vulnerable animals on the street.
This year, record cold temperatures have buffeted New York, becoming commonplace in New York City. Now, the homeless animals are at serious risk from the freezing weather, suffering hypothermia and frostbite, many of them dying. While Abelow is a lawyer specializing in family law, entertainment law, and commercial litigation, he has dedicated his time and resources to a campaign to help prevent animal deaths on the streets, and help animal shelters funded so that they may care for the animals who would otherwise be out of luck. This gesture of compassion says a lot for the character of the man.
Animal lovers around the country have a great chance to provide support for these often forgotten animals, with Abelow leading the charge.
Check out Ross Abelow on Twitter
The job of a compliance officer has not been around for very long but its importance is continuing to grow exponentially as the position is incorporated into many businesses across the country. A well structured compliance program is designed to prevent problems as well as find them and fix them when they do occur. Depending on the business or corporation, the job of the compliance officer varies as does the duties and functions provided. This is a rapidly growing career path that many professionals are now seeking out.
As the managing director and chief compliance officer of Hall Capital, Helane L. Morrison implements tools into her business such as audits, investigations, risk assessments and education in order to comply with business standards. Helane’s long career in litigation has helped her addressing issues as a compliance officer. She also spent some time with the San Francisco SEC which gave her a leg up in dealing with issues of corporate compliance. When problems do occur, they are addressed and then steps are taken in order to prevent the same problem from occurring again in the future.
With compliance officers gaining popularity in fields such as insurance, banking and gaming, there are legalities that need to be followed and this is what this position provides. Day to day duties are supervised but also in a way that ensures compliance is being met on a legal level so if an audit does occur, everything is in order and checks out positively. The compliance officers with more experience and clout will handle more important matters like the license or title for a company, surveillance layout and usage, work permits, etc.
On an employee level a compliance officer is beneficial. This officer will hold employees to standards that will keep their performance on par and prevent serious mistakes from occurring that could potentially cost a person their job. Also, many compliance officers receive their job when they are working in another position in another part of the company. They already know the background of the company and can then focus on another aspect of the business.
Dealing with a difficult legal matter in Brazil and need a good lawyer? Want to know how to go about finding and selecting the best lawyer to help you? If you want to be assured of good representation, you need to hire a lawyer with a good track record. Although there are many lawyers to choose from, you need to choose carefully. It is crucial to choose a lawyer who has plenty of expertise in the field of law you need help with.
Word-of-mouth is a fabulous way to learn more about a lawyer. You should ask your family and friends, particularly if they practice legislation, if they understand about a specific lawyer. At a minimum, the legal representative ought to be in great standing with the local bar association. Online reviews can also help point you in the right direction.
Other way to find out details on a prospective lawyer is to look up information online. In addition, there could be legal articles that the legal representative had written and details about vital cases or clients represented by the attorney at law online, giving prospective clients a feel for the legal representative’s level of expertise.
When it comes to getting a reputable lawyer in Brazil, lok no further than Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho, one of the most trusted litigation specialists in Brazil. Mr Ricardo Tosto is a well known legal practitioner, with his own successful legal firm in Brazil. He has personally mentored his partners and staff in the field of Brazilian Law, setting standards for others to follow.
Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho handles high-profile corporate and commercial disputes and other legal matters. He represents a multitude of multinational companies and corporations and offers experience in a diverse range of law fields. As a business and corporate litigation lawyer, Ricardo Tosto has rendered top quality representations and has established a great reputation in the legal community. Not only is Mr. Ricardo Tosto is a force in the court room, he shows the utmost care and respect for his clients.